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Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

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Question 5.8:
What are the months of the Jewish Year?


Note: This is based on material at

The Jewish calendar has its months determined on a lunar basis, and its years on a solar basis. As the lunar year consists of about 354 days and the solar year has 365.25 days, the lunar cycle must be adjusted to the solar calendar in order that Passover should always fall in the "month of Abib" (Deut. 16:1). This adjustment is made by having a leap year seven times in each nineteen-year cycle; specifically, in the 3rd, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th, and 19th years of the cycle. In a leap year, an extra month of Adar (Adar Sheni) is added into the calendar.

The months in the Jewish calendar are as follows:

The FAQ is a collection of documents that is an attempt to answer questions that are continually asked on the soc.culture.jewish family of newsgroups. It was written by cooperating laypeople from the various Judaic movements. You should not make any assumption as to accuracy and/or authoritativeness of the answers provided herein. In all cases, it is always best to consult a competent authority--your local rabbi is a good place to start.

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© (c) 1993-2002 Daniel P. Faigin <>