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Question 08-21 :
Weddings: What are the "Seven Blessings"?

Answer:

The seven blessings are as follows:

  1. You abound in Blessings, (G-d), who creates the fruit of the vine.

  2. You abound in Blessings, (G-d), you created all things for Your glory.

  3. You abound in Blessings, (G-d), you created humanity.

  4. You abound in Blessings, (G-d), You made humankind in Your image, after Your likeness, and You prepared from us a perpetual relationship. You abound in Blessings, (G-d), you created humanity.

  5. May she who was barren. rejoice when her children are united in her midst in joy. You abound in Blessings, (G-d), who makes Zion rejoice with her children.

  6. You make these beloved companions greatly rejoice even as You rejoiced in Your creation in the Garden of Eden as of old. You abound in Blessings, (G-d), Who makes the bridegroom and bride to rejoice.

  7. You abound in Blessings, (G-d), who created joy and gladness, bridegroom and bride, mirth and exultation, pleasure and delight, love, fellowship, peace and friendship. Soon may there be heard in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, the voice of joy and gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the jubilant voice of bridegrooms from their canopies and of youths from their feasts of songs. You abound in Blessings, (G-d), You make the bridegroom rejoice with the bride.

Why seven blessing? Because of the notion of a week of creation, seven is associated with forming something new. The end of creation is introduced with the words "Vayechulu hashamayim veha'aretz, vechol tzeva'am... And they were completed -- the heavens, the earth, and all that live in them..." The word "vayechulu" (they were completed) shares a root with "kallah", bride. The wedding is the completion of the creation of the individuals entering the marriage. Note that these blessings are said for a week, at the wedding and at each meal for the first week the couple is married at which there is a minyan (quorum of 10) attending and new people present to celebrate the wedding.

Saying seven blessings for a week brings up the 7x7 motif. This is a common motif in Judaism. Some examples: The seven blessings for seven days of sheva berachot. The seven weeks of counting omer between Passover (the physical redemption of Israel) and Shavout (the revelation at Sinai). The seven sabbatical cycles -- each seven years -- leading up to the jubilee.


The FAQ is a collection of documents that is an attempt to answer questions that are continually asked on the soc.culture.jewish family of newsgroups. It was written by cooperating laypeople from the various Judaic movements. You should not make any assumption as to accuracy and/or authoritativeness of the answers provided herein. In all cases, it is always best to consult a competent authority--your local rabbi is a good place to start.

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